The XIII was designed in late 1916 to counter the twin-gun German fighters appearing over the front. The SPAD XIII had a powerful Hispano-Suiza engine and two proven Vickers machine guns. By the middle of 1917, the SPADs were arriving at French combat squadrons and by early 1918, they had become the standard single-seat fighter for France. After the experiencing the characteristics of their delicate Nieuports, French pilots couldn't help but notice that their new SPADs were solid as rocks. The SPAD had other rock-like features too -- they were slow climbers and not particularly maneuverable. But, at least, they could dive away from most German fighters with ease.

The Museum of Flight's SPAD was created by Richard Day of Colonia, New Jersey and is powered by a Hispano-Suiza, 200- to 235-horsepower in-line engine and two .303-inch Vickers machine guns. Because the original SPAD drawings were destroyed during World War II, Day had to locate and study existing original examples to build this plane.

The Museum’s airplane depicts the Blériot-built SPAD XIII that was assigned to 1st Lieutenant Norman S. Archibald, United States Air Service, First Pursuit Group, 95th Aero Squadron. A native of Seattle, Archibald flew his first SPAD XIII only from June 19, 1918, when it was brand new, until August 10, 1918, when it was destroyed in a takeoff crash at Coulommiers, France. Archibald flew two other SPAD XIIIs before being shot down by ground fire and taken prisoner by the Germans on September 8, 1918. In 1935, Archibald recounted his World War I experiences in a best-selling memoir, Heaven High, Hell Deep.

Registration:
NX3883F
Wingspan:
26.34ft
Length:
20ft
Height:
8ft
Wing Area:
227.00ft²
Empty Weight:
1,245lbs
Gross Weight:
1,807lbs
Maximum Speed:
138mph
Power Plant:
One Hispano-Suiza, 200 to 235 h.p. in-line engine

The XIII was designed in late 1916 to counter the twin-gun German fighters appearing over the front. The SPAD XIII had a powerful Hispano-Suiza engine and two proven Vickers machine guns. By the middle of 1917, the SPADs were arriving at French combat squadrons and by early 1918, they had become the standard single-seat fighter for France. After the experiencing the characteristics of their delicate Nieuports, French pilots couldn't help but notice that their new SPADs were solid as rocks. The SPAD had other rock-like features too -- they were slow climbers and not particularly maneuverable. But, at least, they could dive away from most German fighters with ease.

The Museum of Flight's SPAD was created by Richard Day of Colonia, New Jersey and is powered by a Hispano-Suiza, 200- to 235-horsepower in-line engine and two .303-inch Vickers machine guns. Because the original SPAD drawings were destroyed during World War II, Day had to locate and study existing original examples to build this plane.

The Museum’s airplane depicts the Blériot-built SPAD XIII that was assigned to 1st Lieutenant Norman S. Archibald, United States Air Service, First Pursuit Group, 95th Aero Squadron. A native of Seattle, Archibald flew his first SPAD XIII only from June 19, 1918, when it was brand new, until August 10, 1918, when it was destroyed in a takeoff crash at Coulommiers, France. Archibald flew two other SPAD XIIIs before being shot down by ground fire and taken prisoner by the Germans on September 8, 1918. In 1935, Archibald recounted his World War I experiences in a best-selling memoir, Heaven High, Hell Deep.

Registration:
NX3883F
Wingspan:
26.34ft
Length:
20ft
Height:
8ft
Wing Area:
227.00ft²
Empty Weight:
1,245lbs
Gross Weight:
1,807lbs
Maximum Speed:
138mph
Power Plant:
One Hispano-Suiza, 200 to 235 h.p. in-line engine